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高中辅导:高中英语冠词用法详解,语法必会知识点!

日期:2018-06-21 14:46
冠词的用法在高中英语学习中较为复杂,千头万绪,尤其是惯用法,请同学们平时学习时注意积累。以下不过是谈谈冠词的一些常规的用法。

1
不定冠词的用法
1)泛指人,事或物的类别,相当于any,
    A steel worker makes steel.

2)泛指某人或某物。 A boy is waiting for you.

3)表示one或者every,
    I have a mouth, a nose and two eyes.         
    We study 8 h  ours a day.             
    twice a week

4)用于某些固定词组中如:
a few,a little,a lot of,a bit of, a couple of,
a second language   a peaceful world  等等

5)用在quite, rather , many , such 等词之后。
      He is rather a fool.
      This is a rather warm room.
      This is rather a warm room.

6)用在so/too+形容词之后。
   It’s too difficult a book for us.

7) 抽象名词,物质名词具体化
   a success,a must,a necessary,a shock,a surprise
    It’s a fact that   It’s an honour that,a pleasure 

8)  a most important book

9) 独一无二的名词前有修饰语
  A full moon   a burning sun  a peaceful world

10) 季节, 星期, 三餐前有修饰语
a wonderful lunch   a cold winter  a rainy Sunday

11) a second  a third

12)  a Mr. Li wants to meet you.
2
定冠词的用法
1)表示特定的或上文已提到过的人或物。
   I am very interested in the film.

2)表示世界上独一无二的东西。
   the earth, the moon, the sun, the world,

3)用在序数词。形容词最高级及对两人或物进行 比较时起特定作用的比较级前。
  The second story, the largest room
  He is the taller of the two children in his family.

4)用在由普通名词构成的国家,党派等专有名词前以及江,河,湖,海,山川,群岛的名词前。
theUnited  States,  the Communist party ofChina,
the Changjiang River, the Great Lake,
the Rocky Mountains

5)用在形容词前表示一类人。
    the poor (rich, old, young, sick, dead, new , blind ,wound)

6) 特指某人或某物。
   Give me the book.
   Who is the girl you just said hello to?

7)在姓氏复数形式前,表示全家人,或这一 姓氏的夫妇俩。
     The Turners are sitting at the breakfast table.

8)用在单数可数名词前,表示一类人或事物。
  The horse is a useful animal.
     The brain is the center of thought.

9)演奏乐器的名称前通常用定冠词。
     Do you like to play the piano or the violin?

10)指世纪或世纪的某个年代前。
      In the 1870’s, when Marx was already in his fifties…..

11)在表示发明物的单数名词前加冠词。
      The compass was invented inChinafour thousand year ago.

12)在有些关于国家和民族的形容词前加上定冠词,也可以泛指这个国家和民族的全体人员。(这些形容词是以-sh, -ch, -ese结尾的)。
   the Irish, the Welsh, the English, the French, the Chinese

13) 打…… 某人的…. 部位
     Pat  sb  by the shoulder

14) 农历的节日
     The Spring Festival   the Mid-Autumn Day  The Lantern Festival

15) 越来越…..
     The more, the better.

16) 语言后面有language
     The English language  the Chinese language

17)固定搭配
late into the night,deep into the night,
listen to the radio ,in the forties,
in one’s fifties,in the 1990s,
the Atlantic Ocean,the rich,
on the road,on the phone,
in theChinatoday,the beauty of nature等等
3
不用冠词的情况
1)专有名词,不可数名词,人名,地名等名词前,一般不加冠词。
China,America, Smith, Beijing Railway Station
但是,当一个不可数名词被限定时,它前面要用定冠词。
还有 ,抽象变具体时,一般前面加不定冠词。
The milk in the bottle has gone bad.
Physics is a science.
It’s a pleasure to go with you.
This is a surprise to me.

2) 可数名词前有物主代词,指示代词,不定代词,名词所有格等限制时,不加冠词。
This book is mine.

3)季节,月份, 星期,节日,一日三餐名称前一般不加冠词。
March, May Day, Sunday, National Day, Children’s Day
Have you had supper?
Spring is the best season of the year.
如果月份等被一个限定性定语修饰,就要加冠词。
He joined the Army in the spring of 1992.

4)称呼语及表示头衔职务的名词作宾语,补语,及同位语时,一般不加冠词。
Premier Zhou , Professor Liu
What’s this, Mother.
Lincoln was made President of the United Sates again.
The president interviewed people.

5)学科名称,球类,棋类名词前不加冠词。
Do you study mathematics?

6)表示泛指的复数名词前不用冠词。
They are workers.

7)在与by连用的交通工具名称前不加冠词。
  by car,by bus , by air  , by road
但 take a bus, come in a boat,on the train/bus

8)表示语言的名词前一般不用冠词。
Chinese中文,English英文,French 法文,但是在 the Chinese language,
the English language 等中要用定冠词。

9)在 turn(做“变成”解)后跟单数名词,名词前不加冠词。
He was a medical student before he turned writer.

10)在一个 以“普通名词(或形容词最高级)+as” 开始的让步状语从语中,前面不用定冠词。
Shortest though/as he is m he runs fastest in our class.
Disable woman as she is ,
Clever as she is

11)在若干独立结构中不用冠词。
He entered the forest, gun in hand.(with a gun in his hand )

12)某些固定词组前不用冠词。
husband and wife,  young and old,
hand in hand,       sun and moon,
bread and butter,   in class, in university,
to church,                      to prison,
by mistake             every few minutes
on business            on holiday
take pleasure in doing    go to school
go to town             go to college
at night                 Beijing University
in surprise             in height
leave school           leave college
in time of danger    in snow
have accidents        in short supply
later in life            in case of fire
in use                    in international trade
in trouble                     in danger
at present               in fact
keep in mind          by chance
by heart             face to face
day by day           from morning to evening
little by little       arm in arm

13) word “消息”
Word came that the Chinese women football team won the match.

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